After Cataract Surgery

We have the best advice for coping with cataracts after surgery, more information about this procedure and the best care after cataract surgery to heal fast. Discover some helpful tips for cataract after surgery and some of the complications to be aware of, as well. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about coping with cataract surgery.

Cataract surgery consists of removing some or all of the crystalline lens, which has been affected by cataracts (or that part of the lens that becomes opaque in appearance), and replacing it with a clear, intraocular lens implant. The common cataracts surgery procedure involves making a small incision in the eye, dissolving the cataract and removal of the part of the lens or the entire lens. After this portion of the surgery has been performed, the lens implant will be inserted and the surgery will be complete. In typical cases, topical anesthetic eye drops are used to desensitize the eye throughout the procedure.

The post-operative treatment typically will always require the use of a topical corticosteroid and might include topical antibiotics as a means of calming the inflammation and eye drops to prevent infection. It is important to schedule follow-up appointments, post-operatively with the surgeon or a qualified eye doctor. Typically, these surgeries are performed with the use of anesthetic, enabling the patient to leave and go home soon after the operation (on the same day). Many times an eye patch is recommended for several hours following the surgery.

You may be wondering what the possible side effects or complications might be from this type of ocular surgery. These issues, while rare, can happen in less than 5% of cataracts surgery patients. Moreover, of these complications, some are short-term and some are longer lasting. The short-term complications are those issues that tend to arise within the first 24 hours after surgery. These complications are not typical and if you notice any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor right away. One possible complication of this surgery is bleeding in front of or behind the eye. Bruising is another rare condition that sometimes happens after surgery, especially in cases where an injection was used as opposed to anesthetic eye drops. Leaking from the incision area should be dealt with immediately to prevent infection. In this case, measures may be taken by a doctor to assess and properly deal with the situation. An inner eye infection is possible after this surgery, as well. Other possible complications include rupture, retinal detachment, glaucoma, or a considerable difference in astigmatism. In terms of longer lasting complications with cataract after surgery (or issues lasting longer than one week and up to six months), you may be dealing with a dislocated intraocular lens implant or an implant that isn’t properly centered. This can cause altered, blurry or double vision after cataract surgery. One issue with cataracts after surgery is cystoid macular edema, which is swelling of the retina, which can be either mild or severe. Secondary cataract may result after surgery, which happens in about 30% of cases. This is what happens when the opaqueness of the eye returns.

We have explained the definition of cataract surgery and some important information regarding this operation involving the eye. In this article, we have provided some helpful information for what to expect after cataract surgery, as far as, care and complications.

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    April 2014
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